One-third of the population suffers from flat feet. An arch should develop when children start standing on their toes and continue to grow throughout childhood. By the time they reach adulthood, most people should have developed normal arches. Most flat feet in children and young adults are flexible and very responsive to various treatments.
Another type of flat feet, which occurs in adults, is called fallen arches or Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction. It is a painful progressive flatfoot, which refers to inflammation of the main arch supporting tendon (Posterior Tibial Tendon). This condition arises when the tendon becomes stretched, inflamed, or torn. If not treated, flat feet can lead to chronic and severe pain.
For patients that do not respond to nonsurgical methods, surgical treatments are also available. These include tendon repairs or bone realignments in the rear foot.